The USA is mostly on the rear end of the date line, Russia and China on the front end


Active member
I used to enjoy ribbing Americans I conversed with by phone by saying I had already done a day's work before they got out of bed.

Flying East to America one can arrive in the USA on the same day sometimes earlier than the time you left after a 16+ hour flight.

... Changing Sides of the Dateline
The dateline is not defined by international law. Countries are free to choose the date and time zone that they want to observe.

For example, when the Republic of Kiribati gained independence from being a British colony in 1979 some of the islands were on one side of the dateline, and the rest were on the other. They corrected the anomaly in the eastern half of Kiribati by skipping January 1, 1995 and ever since Kiribati has been the first country to enter the New Year.

In 2011, Samoa changed the time zone from UTC-11 to UTC+13 by shifting the dateline to the west and removing December 30, 2011 from the calendar. They did this to facilitate trade with Australia and New Zealand, and Tokelau followed Samoa for the same reasons.

Drawn up in 1884
The 180° meridian was selected as the International Date Line because it mostly runs through the sparsely populated Central Pacific Ocean. It was decided at the International Meridian Conference in 1884 in Washington, D.C. where 26 countries attended. ...