Chattanooga—case study

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Chattanooga—case study

Post by HBS Guy »

This is a comment by an IT guy, an Australian by birth now a naturalised American, on the Chattanooga gigabit fibre experience. If you can’t read the whole thing, poor lil diddums, read the last bit, the money the Chattanooga FTTH investment created:
Snow Crash 13/07/2016 at 8:43 pm
In Australia, it is unfortunate that the conversation by industry, journalists, politicians & commenters have been constrained to just residential broadband speeds as a case to support an argument for a ubiquitous Fiber To The Home telecommunications network. This is the reason why the case is lost and a much more holistic approach is required. A telecommunications network is not the means to an end. It is an enabler of various applications and technologies.

adjective: Ubiquitous
present, appearing, or found everywhere.
synonyms: omnipresent, ever-present, present everywhere, everywhere, all-over, all over the place, pervasive, all-pervasive, universal, worldwide, global; rife, prevalent, predominant, very common, popular, extensive, wide-ranging, far-reaching, inescapable

If all you want to do is surf web pages, download a few songs, send and receive some photographs, or watch streaming video at current picture quality levels, then the bandwidth provided by today’s cable modems and DSL services is probably good enough for your average Joe Blow residential customer.

However the world is moving swiftly to applications that require higher bandwidth which utilize any combination of Cloud, Big Data, Machine-To-Machine (M2M) technologies, Internet Of Things, VR, realtime 4K, Wireless Mesh Networks (WMN) and much more. All of these technologies are utilized in applications for transport, advanced manufacturing, education, energy, public safety, health and many others touching just about all today’s modern & innovative businesses in the post-industrial era.

Case Study
Chattanooga in Tennessee was once a heavily polluted post-industrial town. EPB Electric Power is one of America’s largest publicly owned electric power providers.

In 1999 it entered the telecommunications business to develop a fiber-optics based network which launched 2000 and publicly approved in 2002 allowing it to provide Internet services.

In 2003 EPB launched it’s all-fiber high speed Internet service which allowed them to compete with other telecommunications providers.

In August of 2007, EPB’s Board of Directors announced approval of a Fiber To The Home initiative, designed to generate new jobs, improve services to electric customers and to provide high speed broadband to every customer in it’s service area. Chattanooga’s City Council, after overwhelming public support, unanimously votes to approve EPB’s plan.

In 2008, EPB secured a bond to begin construction of a Smart Grid, a next-generation electric system building on ten years of research, that includes communications capabilities in order to reduce outages, improve response times, reduce theft and so that customers can manage their power usage.

In 2009, EPB was awarded a Federal stimulus grant of $111 million from the U.S. Department of Energy to expedite the build

In 2010, EPB collaborated with Silicon Valley’s Bloom Energy National Center for Computational Engineering to install a Bloom Box to evaluate and alternative energy source, which is an energy server based on fuel cell technology. In September of the same year, EPB announced the availability of speeds up to 1,000 Mbps.

In 2011, EPB took the final step to complete deployment of it’s Fiber To The Home network making it available to every home and business in it’s 600 square mile service area. The network also serves as the backbone for EPB’s Smart Grid. In April 2011 the entire service area was hit by a violent & devastating storm in it’s history, leaving 75% of it’s customers without power (126,000 homes & businesses). Power was restored in record time and during the restoration the community saw many benefits made possible by EPB’s Smart Grid such as isolation of outages and self-correction of various minor problems.

In April 2012, EPB installs the 1,170th IntelliRupter® PulseCloser. When an outage occurs the IntelliRupters communicate with one another through EPB’s fiber optic communication network to determine the location of the outage. Power is automatically rerouted and restored to as many homes and businesses as possible. The U.S. Department of Energy has estimated that the national cost of power outages for business and residential consumers is at least $150 billion annually. Because the Smart Grid is self-healing costs are reduced dramatically and reduce outage duration by 40%. In July, another storm hit causing an estimated 41,300 homes to lose power. In response, 59 IntelliRupters automatically isolated problems. About 7,000 experienced automatic restoration. Another 35,000 could have lost power for an extended period, but instead experienced no outage and automatically restored in less than 5 minutes. Full restoration was completed in less than 3 days. In addition, the Smart Grid’s automated metering infrastructure system eliminated 95 truck rolls to restore power. In September of the same year, EPB celebrated it’s 3rd anniversary and it upgraded residential & business Internet speeds at no additional cost. (30Mbps > 50Mbps, 50Mbps > 100Mbps, 100Mbps > 250Mbps) Also reduced the cost of Fi-Speed Internet 1,000 service from $349.99 to $299.99 per month.

In 2013, EPB completed the installation of Smart Meters for all residents and businesses in the service area. By integrating the meters with the Smart Grid System, six billion data points are collected annually. The data (Big Data) provides automated meter reading & billing, outage & voltage anomaly detection, automated connect and disconnect and theft detection. Customers have online access to their power usage in 15-minute intervals. In September, EPB reached a milestone with 50,000 residential customers now signed up. By end of December, they served more than 53,000 homes and 4,200 businesses, with about 3,600 residential and commercial Gig subscribers.

In September 2014 the community Smart Grid was put once more to the test by heavy wet snowfall (11 inches). Affected about 76,000 customers, but the Smart Grid automatically restored or prevented about 40,000 outages. The remaining customers restored within three days. This would have taken 8 days prior to the Smart Grid. In March, EPB completed a new Distribution Center which is a single state-of-art command center to share cutting-edge technology, increased workspace and massive amounts of real time data. For a customer this means faster and more efficient respons to needs and weather related outages. In July, EPB reached and agreement with U.S. Department of Energy to installed EV chargers at its downtown public parking garage and operation center. In July, EPB filed a petition with the FCC in response to neighboring communities for access to gigabit enabled Internet service. Surrounding communities either don’t have access to high speed broadband or any Internet service. The FCC where then considering pre-empting State laws in 19 States that either prohibit or restrict municipal high-speed broadband deployment in underserved areas. In August EPB launched Smart Build that gives incentives building new homes that meet energy efficiency standards and ready for next-generation fiber optics services. In September, EPB reached a 5 year milestone. Since launching in 2009 EPB Fiber Optics now serves 61,000 homes and more than 5,000 businesses. In October, EPB established a partnership with the U.S. Department of Energy and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to use Chattanooga’s smart grid as a living laboratory to test and develop new energy technologies and to analyze billions of data points & smart grid processes to design the electric grid of the future that further enhances reliability, security and efficiency.

In February 2015, the FCC approves EPB’s petition to expand it’s footprint outside it’s territory. In August EPB reached the milestone of serving 75,000 residential and commercial customers. An independent study showed Chattanooga’s fiber optic network has generated at least $865.3 million in economic and social benefits while helping to create more than 2,800 new jobs. The study examined the network’s value to quality of life, education, health care, business, arts and culture, homes and improved municipal services. In October EPB launched a community-wide 10 gigabit service available to all homes and businesses in the service area by implementing TWDM-PON broadband technology. One of the first 10 gigabit subscribers was Chattanooga’s radiologist Dr. Jim Busch. In March, EPB completed installation of 10 gigabit Internet connectivity at University of Tennessee at Chattanooga campus. The service available through 18,000 wired Ethernet ports and more than 1,500 Wi-Fi access points becoming the first commercial 10 gigabit customer. ... ent-753125

Unless Labor can win the next election and that is later this year Australia will sink into banana republic level in a couple of years. We have nothing to sell the world except some agricultural products and red dirt and some shonky educational services. No Asian financial hub, no high tech “innovative” stuff. Fucked.